Tag Archives: preference

[ISN] Dating site hack reveals sexual secrets of 4 million users

http://www.independent.co.uk/life-style/gadgets-and-tech/news/dating-site-hack-reveals-sexual-secrets-of-4-million-users-10268933.html By Dan Sung The Independent 22 May 2015 A hacker has exposed the personal and sexual details of nearly 4 million users on one of the world-leading dating sites. The details lifted from the database of Adult FriendFinder include the information of previous members who had previously deleted their accounts. The specifics of the illegally mined data are around sexual orientation, sexual preferences and even whether or not members of the service are already with partners but looking for extramarital affairs. A Channel 4 News investigation traced the discovery to a forum where a hacker known as ROR[RG] posted the information which also includes names, email addresses, postcodes, dates of birth, computer IP addresses and just about everything else short of credit card details. More than 7 million of Adult FriendFinder’s 63-million-user worldwide community are British and, of 3.9 million accounts leaked, “dozens” are linked to UK government and armed service addresses. […]




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[ISN] Role of Ethical Hacking Stressed

http://www.newindianexpress.com/cities/thiruvananthapuram/Role-of-Ethical-Hacking-Stressed/2015/03/20/article2721810.ece By Express News Service 20th March 2015 THIRUVANANTHAPURAM: Underlining the importance of cyber security in the coming days, A S Kiran Kumar, chairman, Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO), said here on Thursday that ethical hacking should be integrated to every organisation’s information system to counter security threats. Kiran Kumar was speaking after inaugurating a two-day seminar on ‘Computers and Information Technology (ISCIT-2015)’ organised by ISRO at the Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre (VSSC). While embracing latest technologies, the importance of cyber security increases manifold. The integration of ethical hacking into the system is essential to proactively counter security threats in the increasingly unsafe cyber world, he said. Guiding fishermen to better fishing grounds or issuing instructions to orbiting spacecraft, computers powered by the latest IT tools have proved to be the backbone of space research and application across the globe, Kiran Kumar said. Adopting latest technologies is the key to success. Sharing computing services through cloud computing and enhancing performance by quantum computing will get more thrust in the coming days, he said. Delivering the keynote address, R Narayanan, former vice- president of Tata Consultancy Services, lauded ISRO’s peer review mechanism, its way of looking at a problem from multiple angles, the preference of an optimal solution over the ideal one and the space organisation’s ability to analyse a problem. […]


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Politically Correct way to say “Merry Christmas” (2015 Edition)

Please accept with no obligation, implied or implicit, my best wishes for an environmentally conscious, socially responsible, low-stress, non-addictive, gender-neutral celebration of the winter or in some locations summer solstice holiday, practiced within the most enjoyable traditions of the religious persuasion of your choice, or secular practices of your choice, with respect for the religious/secular persuasion and/or traditions of others, or their choice not to practice religious or secular traditions at all. I also wish you a fiscally successful, personally fulfilling and medically uncomplicated recognition of the onset of the generally accepted calendar year 2015, but not without due respect for the calendars of choice of other cultures whose contributions to society have helped make America great. Not to imply that America is necessarily greater than any other country nor the only America in the Western Hemisphere. Also, this wish is made without regard to the race, creed, color, age, physical ability, religious faith or sexual preference of the wishee.


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Politically Correct Way to Say Merry Christmas (2014)

Please accept with no obligation, implied or implicit, my best wishes for an environmentally conscious, socially responsible, low-stress, non-addictive, gender-neutral celebration of the winter solstice holiday, practiced within the most enjoyable traditions of the religious persuasion of your choice, or secular practices of your choice, with respect for the religious/secular persuasion and/or traditions of others, or their choice not to practice religious or secular traditions at all. I also wish you a fiscally successful, personally fulfilling and medically uncomplicated recognition of the onset of the generally accepted calendar year 2014, but not without due respect for the calendars of choice of other cultures whose contributions to society have helped make America great. Not to imply that America is necessarily greater than any other country nor the only America in the Western Hemisphere. Also, this wish is made without regard to the race, creed, color, age, physical ability, religious faith or sexual preference of the wishee.


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[ISN] Computer Security History Workshop – Call For Papers

https://www.cerias.purdue.edu/site/news/view/computer_security_history_workshop-call_for_papers/ Computer Security History Workshop-Call For Papers Wed, August 28, 2013 — Call For Papers The Charles Babbage Institute (CBI) is conducting a three-year NSF funded research project on computer security, which focuses on the years when the field of “computer security” was just emerging, roughly the late 1960s through the early 1990s with the shift to networked computing and the web. We are “building an infrastructure” for future historical research through conducting 30 oral histories with computer-security pioneers, collecting archival documents, creating a knowledge-networking wiki site, and publishing scholarly work in this field. Charles Babbage Institute SRI International scientist and noted computer security pioneer Peter Neumann was quoted last year in the New York Time’s article “Killing the Computer to Save It,” that he has “…been tilting at the same windmills for 40 years and…[he]…get[s] the impression that most of the folks who are responsible don’t want to hear about complexity. They are interested in quick and dirty solutions.” Neumann is now heading a major DARPA effort to select the very best computer security ideas from the past to better address today’s challenges. Many computer security pioneers emphasize that most of the potentially useful (and often ignored) solutions to the nation and world’s many computer security challenges have fruitful seeds in the more distant past (and that today’s problems often resulted from yesterday’s choices in structuring computing and networking). The Charles Babbage Institute (CBI) is currently engaged in a three year National Science Foundation- sponsored project “Building an Infrastructure for Computer Security History.” The project consists of conducting oral histories, creating a computer security wiki, and collecting and making available archival resources to document computer security’s past. In conjunction with this project, CBI is hosting a workshop on computer security history on July 11 and 12, 2014 and is seeking paper proposals for the event. Preliminary plans have been laid to publish many of the revised papers from the workshop in a 2015 IEEE Annals of the History of Computing special issue on computer security. All papers must be historical studies—ranging from the technical, scientific, political, legal, social, and cultural history of computer security (contemporary analyses of current issues will not be considered). Potential topics include, but are not limited to the history of pioneering work funded by the military; Bell-LaPadula, Biba, Clark-Wilson and other computer security models; TCSEC/The Orange Book/Rainbow Series; public key encryption/PKI; computer crime/criminal justice; hacking and hackers; intrusion detection; computer security companies; and the computer security industry. Preference will be given for papers on U.S. topics between the mid-1960s and the advent of the Web in the early 1990s. Requirements and logistics To be considered for workshop participation, authors should send a 500-750 word abstract detailing their proposed paper, which includes discussion of the key sources for the study. Authors must also submit a 2-page curriculum vitae. Applications should be sent to cbi (at) umn.edu as PDF documents no later than Friday September 13, 2013. For accepted proposals, full papers (6000 to 8000 words including footnotes) must be submitted for pre-circulation to the workshop’s participants by June 15, 2014. Travel assistance will be provided to all accepted applicants, as well as lunches and an event dinner on July 11, 2014. URL: http://www.cbi.umn.edu/research/cfp.html


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A Reminder of California’s Constitution – Spend 10 minutes to read it, its very eye opening.

Source: http://www.leginfo.ca.gov/.const/.article_1

CALIFORNIA CONSTITUTION
ARTICLE 1 DECLARATION OF RIGHTS

SECTION 1. All people are by nature free and independent and have
inalienable rights. Among these are enjoying and defending life and
liberty, acquiring, possessing, and protecting property, and pursuing
and obtaining safety, happiness, and privacy.

CALIFORNIA CONSTITUTION
ARTICLE 1 DECLARATION OF RIGHTS

SEC. 2. (a) Every person may freely speak, write and publish his or
her sentiments on all subjects, being responsible for the abuse of
this right. A law may not restrain or abridge liberty of speech or
press.
(b) A publisher, editor, reporter, or other person connected with
or employed upon a newspaper, magazine, or other periodical
publication, or by a press association or wire service, or any person
who has been so connected or employed, shall not be adjudged in
contempt by a judicial, legislative, or administrative body, or any
other body having the power to issue subpoenas, for refusing to
disclose the source of any information procured while so connected or
employed for publication in a newspaper, magazine or other
periodical publication, or for refusing to disclose any unpublished
information obtained or prepared in gathering, receiving or
processing of information for communication to the public.
Nor shall a radio or television news reporter or other person
connected with or employed by a radio or television station, or any
person who has been so connected or employed, be so adjudged in
contempt for refusing to disclose the source of any information
procured while so connected or employed for news or news commentary
purposes on radio or television, or for refusing to disclose any
unpublished information obtained or prepared in gathering, receiving
or processing of information for communication to the public.
As used in this subdivision, “unpublished information” includes
information not disseminated to the public by the person from whom
disclosure is sought, whether or not related information has been
disseminated and includes, but is not limited to, all notes,
outtakes, photographs, tapes or other data of whatever sort not
itself disseminated to the public through a medium of communication,
whether or not published information based upon or related to such
material has been disseminated.

CALIFORNIA CONSTITUTION
ARTICLE 1 DECLARATION OF RIGHTS

SEC. 3. (a) The people have the right to instruct their
representatives, petition government for redress of grievances, and
assemble freely to consult for the common good.
(b) (1) The people have the right of access to information
concerning the conduct of the people’s business, and, therefore, the
meetings of public bodies and the writings of public officials and
agencies shall be open to public scrutiny.
(2) A statute, court rule, or other authority, including those in
effect on the effective date of this subdivision, shall be broadly
construed if it furthers the people’s right of access, and narrowly
construed if it limits the right of access. A statute, court rule,
or other authority adopted after the effective date of this
subdivision that limits the right of access shall be adopted with
findings demonstrating the interest protected by the limitation and
the need for protecting that interest.
(3) Nothing in this subdivision supersedes or modifies the right
of privacy guaranteed by Section 1 or affects the construction of any
statute, court rule, or other authority to the extent that it
protects that right to privacy, including any statutory procedures
governing discovery or disclosure of information concerning the
official performance or professional qualifications of a peace
officer.
(4) Nothing in this subdivision supersedes or modifies any
provision of this Constitution, including the guarantees that a
person may not be deprived of life, liberty, or property without due
process of law, or denied equal protection of the laws, as provided
in Section 7.
(5) This subdivision does not repeal or nullify, expressly or by
implication, any constitutional or statutory exception to the right
of access to public records or meetings of public bodies that is in
effect on the effective date of this subdivision, including, but not
limited to, any statute protecting the confidentiality of law
enforcement and prosecution records.
(6) Nothing in this subdivision repeals, nullifies, supersedes, or
modifies protections for the confidentiality of proceedings and
records of the Legislature, the Members of the Legislature, and its
employees, committees, and caucuses provided by Section 7 of Article
IV, state law, or legislative rules adopted in furtherance of those
provisions; nor does it affect the scope of permitted discovery in
judicial or administrative proceedings regarding deliberations of the
Legislature, the Members of the Legislature, and its employees,
committees, and caucuses.

CALIFORNIA CONSTITUTION
ARTICLE 1 DECLARATION OF RIGHTS

SEC. 4. Free exercise and enjoyment of religion without
discrimination or preference are guaranteed. This liberty of
conscience does not excuse acts that are licentious or inconsistent
with the peace or safety of the State. The Legislature shall make no
law respecting an establishment of religion.
A person is not incompetent to be a witness or juror because of
his or her opinions on religious beliefs.

CALIFORNIA CONSTITUTION
ARTICLE 1 DECLARATION OF RIGHTS

SEC. 5. The military is subordinate to civil power. A standing
army may not be maintained in peacetime. Soldiers may not be
quartered in any house in wartime except as prescribed by law, or in
peacetime without the owner’s consent.

CALIFORNIA CONSTITUTION
ARTICLE 1 DECLARATION OF RIGHTS

SEC. 6. Slavery is prohibited. Involuntary servitude is prohibited
except to punish crime.

CALIFORNIA CONSTITUTION
ARTICLE 1 DECLARATION OF RIGHTS

SEC. 7. (a) A person may not be deprived of life, liberty, or
property without due process of law or denied equal protection of the
laws; provided, that nothing contained herein or elsewhere in this
Constitution imposes upon the State of California or any public
entity, board, or official any obligations or responsibilities which
exceed those imposed by the Equal Protection Clause of the 14th
Amendment to the United States Constitution with respect to the use
of pupil school assignment or pupil transportation. In enforcing
this subdivision or any other provision of this Constitution, no
court of this State may impose upon the State of California or any
public entity, board, or official any obligation or responsibility
with respect to the use of pupil school assignment or pupil
transportation, (1) except to remedy a specific violation by such
party that would also constitute a violation of the Equal Protection
Clause of the 14th Amendment to the United States Constitution, and
(2) unless a federal court would be permitted under federal
decisional law to impose that obligation or responsibility upon such
party to remedy the specific violation of the Equal Protection Clause
of the 14th Amendment of the United States Constitution.
Except as may be precluded by the Constitution of the United
States, every existing judgment, decree, writ, or other order of a
court of this State, whenever rendered, which includes provisions
regarding pupil school assignment or pupil transportation, or which
requires a plan including any such provisions shall, upon application
to a court having jurisdiction by any interested person, be modified
to conform to the provisions of this subdivision as amended, as
applied to the facts which exist at the time of such modification.
In all actions or proceedings arising under or seeking application
of the amendments to this subdivision proposed by the Legislature at
its 1979-80 Regular Session, all courts, wherein such actions or
proceedings are or may hereafter be pending, shall give such actions
or proceedings first precedence over all other civil actions therein.

Nothing herein shall prohibit the governing board of a school
district from voluntarily continuing or commencing a school
integration plan after the effective date of this subdivision as
amended.
In amending this subdivision, the Legislature and people of the
State of California find and declare that this amendment is necessary
to serve compelling public interests, including those of making the
most effective use of the limited financial resources now and
prospectively available to support public education, maximizing the
educational opportunities and protecting the health and safety of all
public school pupils, enhancing the ability of parents to
participate in the educational process, preserving harmony and
tranquility in this State and its public schools, preventing the
waste of scarce fuel resources, and protecting the environment.
(b) A citizen or class of citizens may not be granted privileges
or immunities not granted on the same terms to all citizens.
Privileges or immunities granted by the Legislature may be altered or
revoked.

CALIFORNIA CONSTITUTION
ARTICLE 1 DECLARATION OF RIGHTS

SEC. 7.5. Only marriage between a man and a woman is valid or
recognized in California.

CALIFORNIA CONSTITUTION
ARTICLE 1 DECLARATION OF RIGHTS

SEC. 8. A person may not be disqualified from entering or pursuing
a business, profession, vocation, or employment because of sex, race,
creed, color, or national or ethnic origin.

CALIFORNIA CONSTITUTION
ARTICLE 1 DECLARATION OF RIGHTS

SEC. 9. A bill of attainder, ex post facto law, or law impairing
the obligation of contracts may not be passed.

CALIFORNIA CONSTITUTION
ARTICLE 1 DECLARATION OF RIGHTS

SEC. 10. Witnesses may not be unreasonably detained. A person may
not be imprisoned in a civil action for debt or tort, or in peacetime
for a militia fine.

CALIFORNIA CONSTITUTION
ARTICLE 1 DECLARATION OF RIGHTS

SEC. 11. Habeas corpus may not be suspended unless required by
public safety in cases of rebellion or invasion.

CALIFORNIA CONSTITUTION
ARTICLE 1 DECLARATION OF RIGHTS

SEC. 12. A person shall be released on bail by sufficient sureties,
except for:
(a) Capital crimes when the facts are evident or the presumption
great;
(b) Felony offenses involving acts of violence on another person,
or felony sexual assault offenses on another person, when the facts
are evident or the presumption great and the court finds based upon
clear and convincing evidence that there is a substantial likelihood
the person’s release would result in great bodily harm to others; or
(c) Felony offenses when the facts are evident or the presumption
great and the court finds based on clear and convincing evidence that
the person has threatened another with great bodily harm and that
there is a substantial likelihood that the person would carry out the
threat if released.
Excessive bail may not be required. In fixing the amount of bail,
the court shall take into consideration the seriousness of the
offense charged, the previous criminal record of the defendant, and
the probability of his or her appearing at the trial or hearing of
the case.
A person may be released on his or her own recognizance in the
court’s discretion.

CALIFORNIA CONSTITUTION
ARTICLE 1 DECLARATION OF RIGHTS

SEC. 13. The right of the people to be secure in their persons,
houses, papers, and effects against unreasonable seizures and
searches may not be violated; and a warrant may not issue except on
probable cause, supported by oath or affirmation, particularly
describing the place to be searched and the persons and things to be
seized.

CALIFORNIA CONSTITUTION
ARTICLE 1 DECLARATION OF RIGHTS

SEC. 14. Felonies shall be prosecuted as provided by law, either by
indictment or, after examination and commitment by a magistrate, by
information.
A person charged with a felony by complaint subscribed under
penalty of perjury and on file in a court in the county where the
felony is triable shall be taken without unnecessary delay before a
magistrate of that court. The magistrate shall immediately give the
defendant a copy of the complaint, inform the defendant of the
defendant’s right to counsel, allow the defendant a reasonable time
to send for counsel, and on the defendant’s request read the
complaint to the defendant. On the defendant’s request the
magistrate shall require a peace officer to transmit within the
county where the court is located a message to counsel named by
defendant.
A person unable to understand English who is charged with a crime
has a right to an interpreter throughout the proceedings.

CALIFORNIA CONSTITUTION
ARTICLE 1 DECLARATION OF RIGHTS

SEC. 14.1. If a felony is prosecuted by indictment, there shall be
no postindictment preliminary hearing.

CALIFORNIA CONSTITUTION
ARTICLE 1 DECLARATION OF RIGHTS

SEC. 15. The defendant in a criminal cause has the right to a
speedy public trial, to compel attendance of witnesses in the
defendant’s behalf, to have the assistance of counsel for the
defendant’s defense, to be personally present with counsel, and to be
confronted with the witnesses against the defendant. The
Legislature may provide for the deposition of a witness in the
presence of the defendant and the defendant’s counsel.
Persons may not twice be put in jeopardy for the same offense, be
compelled in a criminal cause to be a witness against themselves, or
be deprived of life, liberty, or property without due process of law.

CALIFORNIA CONSTITUTION
ARTICLE 1 DECLARATION OF RIGHTS

SEC. 16. Trial by jury is an inviolate right and shall be secured
to all, but in a civil cause three-fourths of the jury may render a
verdict. A jury may be waived in a criminal cause by the consent of
both parties expressed in open court by the defendant and the
defendant’s counsel. In a civil cause a jury may be waived by the
consent of the parties expressed as prescribed by statute.
In civil causes the jury shall consist of 12 persons or a lesser
number agreed on by the parties in open court. In civil causes other
than causes within the appellate jurisdiction of the court of appeal
the Legislature may provide that the jury shall consist of eight
persons or a lesser number agreed on by the parties in open court.
In criminal actions in which a felony is charged, the jury shall
consist of 12 persons. In criminal actions in which a misdemeanor is
charged, the jury shall consist of 12 persons or a lesser number
agreed on by the parties in open court.

CALIFORNIA CONSTITUTION
ARTICLE 1 DECLARATION OF RIGHTS

SEC. 17. Cruel or unusual punishment may not be inflicted or
excessive fines imposed.

CALIFORNIA CONSTITUTION
ARTICLE 1 DECLARATION OF RIGHTS

SEC. 18. Treason against the State consists only in levying war
against it, adhering to its enemies, or giving them aid and comfort.
A person may not be convicted of treason except on the evidence of
two witnesses to the same overt act or by confession in open court.

CALIFORNIA CONSTITUTION
ARTICLE 1 DECLARATION OF RIGHTS

SEC. 19. (a) Private property may be taken or damaged for a public
use and only when just compensation, ascertained by a jury unless
waived, has first been paid to, or into court for, the owner. The
Legislature may provide for possession by the condemnor following
commencement of eminent domain proceedings upon deposit in court and
prompt release to the owner of money determined by the court to be
the probable amount of just compensation.
(b) The State and local governments are prohibited from acquiring
by eminent domain an owner-occupied residence for the purpose of
conveying it to a private person.
(c) Subdivision (b) of this section does not apply when State or
local government exercises the power of eminent domain for the
purpose of protecting public health and safety; preventing serious,
repeated criminal activity; responding to an emergency; or remedying
environmental contamination that poses a threat to public health and
safety.
(d) Subdivision (b) of this section does not apply when State or
local government exercises the power of eminent domain for the
purpose of acquiring private property for a public work or
improvement.
(e) For the purpose of this section:
1. “Conveyance” means a transfer of real property whether by sale,
lease, gift, franchise, or otherwise.
2. “Local government” means any city, including a charter city,
county, city and county, school district, special district,
authority, regional entity, redevelopment agency, or any other
political subdivision within the State.
3. “Owner-occupied residence” means real property that is improved
with a single-family residence such as a detached home, condominium,
or townhouse and that is the owner or owners’ principal place of
residence for at least one year prior to the State or local
government’s initial written offer to purchase the property.
Owner-occupied residence also includes a residential dwelling unit
attached to or detached from such a single-family residence which
provides complete independent living facilities for one or more
persons.
4. “Person” means any individual or association, or any business
entity, including, but not limited to, a partnership, corporation, or
limited liability company.
5. “Public work or improvement” means facilities or infrastructure
for the delivery of public services such as education, police, fire
protection, parks, recreation, emergency medical, public health,
libraries, flood protection, streets or highways, public transit,
railroad, airports and seaports; utility, common carrier or other
similar projects such as energy-related, communication-related,
water-related and wastewater-related facilities or infrastructure;
projects identified by a State or local government for recovery from
natural disasters; and private uses incidental to, or necessary for,
the public work or improvement.
6. “State” means the State of California and any of its agencies
or departments.

CALIFORNIA CONSTITUTION
ARTICLE 1 DECLARATION OF RIGHTS

SEC. 20. Noncitizens have the same property rights as citizens.

CALIFORNIA CONSTITUTION
ARTICLE 1 DECLARATION OF RIGHTS

SEC. 21. Property owned before marriage or acquired during marriage
by gift, will, or inheritance is separate property.

CALIFORNIA CONSTITUTION
ARTICLE 1 DECLARATION OF RIGHTS

SEC. 22. The right to vote or hold office may not be conditioned by
a property qualification.

CALIFORNIA CONSTITUTION
ARTICLE 1 DECLARATION OF RIGHTS

SEC. 23. One or more grand juries shall be drawn and summoned at
least once a year in each county.

CALIFORNIA CONSTITUTION
ARTICLE 1 DECLARATION OF RIGHTS

SEC. 24. Rights guaranteed by this Constitution are not dependent
on those guaranteed by the United States Constitution.
In criminal cases the rights of a defendant to equal protection of
the laws, to due process of law, to the assistance of counsel, to be
personally present with counsel, to a speedy and public trial, to
compel the attendance of witnesses, to confront the witnesses against
him or her, to be free from unreasonable searches and seizures, to
privacy, to not be compelled to be a witness against himself or
herself, to not be placed twice in jeopardy for the same offense, and
to not suffer the imposition of cruel or unusual punishment, shall
be construed by the courts of this State in a manner consistent with
the Constitution of the United States. This Constitution shall not
be construed by the courts to afford greater rights to criminal
defendants than those afforded by the Constitution of the United
States, nor shall it be construed to afford greater rights to minors
in juvenile proceedings on criminal causes than those afforded by the
Constitution of the United States.
This declaration of rights may not be construed to impair or deny
others retained by the people.

CALIFORNIA CONSTITUTION
ARTICLE 1 DECLARATION OF RIGHTS

Section 25. The people shall have the right to fish upon and from
the public lands of the State and in the waters thereof, excepting
upon lands set aside for fish hatcheries, and no land owned by the
State shall ever be sold or transferred without reserving in the
people the absolute right to fish thereupon; and no law shall ever be
passed making it a crime for the people to enter upon the public
lands within this State for the purpose of fishing in any water
containing fish that have been planted therein by the State;
provided, that the legislature may by statute, provide for the season
when and the conditions under which the different species of fish
may be taken.

CALIFORNIA CONSTITUTION
ARTICLE 1 DECLARATION OF RIGHTS

SEC. 26. The provisions of this Constitution are mandatory and
prohibitory, unless by express words they are declared to be
otherwise.

CALIFORNIA CONSTITUTION
ARTICLE 1 DECLARATION OF RIGHTS

SEC. 27. All statutes of this State in effect on February 17, 1972,
requiring, authorizing, imposing, or relating to the death penalty
are in full force and effect, subject to legislative amendment or
repeal by statute, initiative, or referendum.
The death penalty provided for under those statutes shall not be
deemed to be, or to constitute, the infliction of cruel or unusual
punishments within the meaning of Article 1, Section 6 nor shall such
punishment for such offenses be deemed to contravene any other
provision of this constitution.

CALIFORNIA CONSTITUTION
ARTICLE 1 DECLARATION OF RIGHTS

SEC. 28. (a) The People of the State of California find and declare
all of the following:
(1) Criminal activity has a serious impact on the citizens of
California. The rights of victims of crime and their families in
criminal prosecutions are a subject of grave statewide concern.
(2) Victims of crime are entitled to have the criminal justice
system view criminal acts as serious threats to the safety and
welfare of the people of California. The enactment of comprehensive
provisions and laws ensuring a bill of rights for victims of crime,
including safeguards in the criminal justice system fully protecting
those rights and ensuring that crime victims are treated with respect
and dignity, is a matter of high public importance. California’s
victims of crime are largely dependent upon the proper functioning of
government, upon the criminal justice system and upon the
expeditious enforcement of the rights of victims of crime described
herein, in order to protect the public safety and to secure justice
when the public safety has been compromised by criminal activity.
(3) The rights of victims pervade the criminal justice system.
These rights include personally held and enforceable rights described
in paragraphs (1) through (17) of subdivision (b).
(4) The rights of victims also include broader shared collective
rights that are held in common with all of the People of the State of
California and that are enforceable through the enactment of laws
and through good-faith efforts and actions of California’s elected,
appointed, and publicly employed officials. These rights encompass
the expectation shared with all of the people of California that
persons who commit felonious acts causing injury to innocent victims
will be appropriately and thoroughly investigated, appropriately
detained in custody, brought before the courts of California even if
arrested outside the State, tried by the courts in a timely manner,
sentenced, and sufficiently punished so that the public safety is
protected and encouraged as a goal of highest importance.
(5) Victims of crime have a collectively shared right to expect
that persons convicted of committing criminal acts are sufficiently
punished in both the manner and the length of the sentences imposed
by the courts of the State of California. This right includes the
right to expect that the punitive and deterrent effect of custodial
sentences imposed by the courts will not be undercut or diminished by
the granting of rights and privileges to prisoners that are not
required by any provision of the United States Constitution or by the
laws of this State to be granted to any person incarcerated in a
penal or other custodial facility in this State as a punishment or
correction for the commission of a crime.
(6) Victims of crime are entitled to finality in their criminal
cases. Lengthy appeals and other post-judgment proceedings that
challenge criminal convictions, frequent and difficult parole
hearings that threaten to release criminal offenders, and the ongoing
threat that the sentences of criminal wrongdoers will be reduced,
prolong the suffering of crime victims for many years after the
crimes themselves have been perpetrated. This prolonged suffering of
crime victims and their families must come to an end.
(7) Finally, the People find and declare that the right to public
safety extends to public and private primary, elementary, junior
high, and senior high school, and community college, California State
University, University of California, and private college and
university campuses, where students and staff have the right to be
safe and secure in their persons.
(8) To accomplish the goals it is necessary that the laws of
California relating to the criminal justice process be amended in
order to protect the legitimate rights of victims of crime.
(b) In order to preserve and protect a victim’s rights to justice
and due process, a victim shall be entitled to the following rights:

(1) To be treated with fairness and respect for his or her privacy
and dignity, and to be free from intimidation, harassment, and
abuse, throughout the criminal or juvenile justice process.
(2) To be reasonably protected from the defendant and persons
acting on behalf of the defendant.
(3) To have the safety of the victim and the victim’s family
considered in fixing the amount of bail and release conditions for
the defendant.
(4) To prevent the disclosure of confidential information or
records to the defendant, the defendant’s attorney, or any other
person acting on behalf of the defendant, which could be used to
locate or harass the victim or the victim’s family or which disclose
confidential communications made in the course of medical or
counseling treatment, or which are otherwise privileged or
confidential by law.
(5) To refuse an interview, deposition, or discovery request by
the defendant, the defendant’s attorney, or any other person acting
on behalf of the defendant, and to set reasonable conditions on the
conduct of any such interview to which the victim consents.
(6) To reasonable notice of and to reasonably confer with the
prosecuting agency, upon request, regarding, the arrest of the
defendant if known by the prosecutor, the charges filed, the
determination whether to extradite the defendant, and, upon request,
to be notified of and informed before any pretrial disposition of the
case.
(7) To reasonable notice of all public proceedings, including
delinquency proceedings, upon request, at which the defendant and the
prosecutor are entitled to be present and of all parole or other
post-conviction release proceedings, and to be present at all such
proceedings.
(8) To be heard, upon request, at any proceeding, including any
delinquency proceeding, involving a post-arrest release decision,
plea, sentencing, post-conviction release decision, or any proceeding
in which a right of the victim is at issue.
(9) To a speedy trial and a prompt and final conclusion of the
case and any related post-judgment proceedings.
(10) To provide information to a probation department official
conducting a pre-sentence investigation concerning the impact of the
offense on the victim and the victim’s family and any sentencing
recommendations before the sentencing of the defendant.
(11) To receive, upon request, the pre-sentence report when
available to the defendant, except for those portions made
confidential by law.
(12) To be informed, upon request, of the conviction, sentence,
place and time of incarceration, or other disposition of the
defendant, the scheduled release date of the defendant, and the
release of or the escape by the defendant from custody.
(13) To restitution.
(A) It is the unequivocal intention of the People of the State of
California that all persons who suffer losses as a result of criminal
activity shall have the right to seek and secure restitution from
the persons convicted of the crimes causing the losses they suffer.
(B) Restitution shall be ordered from the convicted wrongdoer in
every case, regardless of the sentence or disposition imposed, in
which a crime victim suffers a loss.
(C) All monetary payments, monies, and property collected from any
person who has been ordered to make restitution shall be first
applied to pay the amounts ordered as restitution to the victim.
(14) To the prompt return of property when no longer needed as
evidence.
(15) To be informed of all parole procedures, to participate in
the parole process, to provide information to the parole authority to
be considered before the parole of the offender, and to be notified,
upon request, of the parole or other release of the offender.
(16) To have the safety of the victim, the victim’s family, and
the general public considered before any parole or other
post-judgment release decision is made.
(17) To be informed of the rights enumerated in paragraphs (1)
through (16).
(c) (1) A victim, the retained attorney of a victim, a lawful
representative of the victim, or the prosecuting attorney upon
request of the victim, may enforce the rights enumerated in
subdivision (b) in any trial or appellate court with jurisdiction
over the case as a matter of right. The court shall act promptly on
such a request.
(2) This section does not create any cause of action for
compensation or damages against the State, any political subdivision
of the State, any officer, employee, or agent of the State or of any
of its political subdivisions, or any officer or employee of the
court.
(d) The granting of these rights to victims shall not be construed
to deny or disparage other rights possessed by victims. The court in
its discretion may extend the right to be heard at sentencing to any
person harmed by the defendant. The parole authority shall extend
the right to be heard at a parole hearing to any person harmed by the
offender.
(e) As used in this section, a “victim” is a person who suffers
direct or threatened physical, psychological, or financial harm as a
result of the commission or attempted commission of a crime or
delinquent act. The term “victim” also includes the person’s spouse,
parents, children, siblings, or guardian, and includes a lawful
representative of a crime victim who is deceased, a minor, or
physically or psychologically incapacitated. The term “victim” does
not include a person in custody for an offense, the accused, or a
person whom the court finds would not act in the best interests of a
minor victim.
(f) In addition to the enumerated rights provided in subdivision
(b) that are personally enforceable by victims as provided in
subdivision (c), victims of crime have additional rights that are
shared with all of the People of the State of California. These
collectively held rights include, but are not limited to, the
following:
(1) Right to Safe Schools. All students and staff of public
primary, elementary, junior high, and senior high schools, and
community colleges, colleges, and universities have the inalienable
right to attend campuses which are safe, secure and peaceful.
(2) Right to Truth-in-Evidence. Except as provided by statute
hereafter enacted by a two-thirds vote of the membership in each
house of the Legislature, relevant evidence shall not be excluded in
any criminal proceeding, including pretrial and postconviction
motions and hearings, or in any trial or hearing of a juvenile for a
criminal offense, whether heard in juvenile or adult court. Nothing
in this section shall affect any existing statutory rule of evidence
relating to privilege or hearsay, or Evidence Code Sections 352, 782
or 1103. Nothing in this section shall affect any existing statutory
or constitutional right of the press.
(3) Public Safety Bail. A person may be released on bail by
sufficient sureties, except for capital crimes when the facts are
evident or the presumption great. Excessive bail may not be required.
In setting, reducing or denying bail, the judge or magistrate shall
take into consideration the protection of the public, the safety of
the victim, the seriousness of the offense charged, the previous
criminal record of the defendant, and the probability of his or her
appearing at the trial or hearing of the case. Public safety and the
safety of the victim shall be the primary considerations.
A person may be released on his or her own recognizance in the
court’s discretion, subject to the same factors considered in setting
bail.
Before any person arrested for a serious felony may be released on
bail, a hearing may be held before the magistrate or judge, and the
prosecuting attorney and the victim shall be given notice and
reasonable opportunity to be heard on the matter.
When a judge or magistrate grants or denies bail or release on a
person’s own recognizance, the reasons for that decision shall be
stated in the record and included in the court’s minutes.
(4) Use of Prior Convictions. Any prior felony conviction of any
person in any criminal proceeding, whether adult or juvenile, shall
subsequently be used without limitation for purposes of impeachment
or enhancement of sentence in any criminal proceeding. When a prior
felony conviction is an element of any felony offense, it shall be
proven to the trier of fact in open court.
(5) Truth in Sentencing. Sentences that are individually imposed
upon convicted criminal wrongdoers based upon the facts and
circumstances surrounding their cases shall be carried out in
compliance with the courts’ sentencing orders, and shall not be
substantially diminished by early release policies intended to
alleviate overcrowding in custodial facilities. The legislative
branch shall ensure sufficient funding to adequately house inmates
for the full terms of their sentences, except for statutorily
authorized credits which reduce those sentences.
(6) Reform of the parole process. The current process for parole
hearings is excessive, especially in cases in which the defendant has
been convicted of murder. The parole hearing process must be
reformed for the benefit of crime victims.
(g) As used in this article, the term “serious felony” is any
crime defined in subdivision (c) of Section 1192.7 of the Penal Code,
or any successor statute.

CALIFORNIA CONSTITUTION
ARTICLE 1 DECLARATION OF RIGHTS

SEC. 29. In a criminal case, the people of the State of California
have the right to due process of law and to a speedy and public
trial.

CALIFORNIA CONSTITUTION
ARTICLE 1 DECLARATION OF RIGHTS

SEC. 30. (a) This Constitution shall not be construed by the courts
to prohibit the joining of criminal cases as prescribed by the
Legislature or by the people through the initiative process.
(b) In order to protect victims and witnesses in criminal cases,
hearsay evidence shall be admissible at preliminary hearings, as
prescribed by the Legislature or by the people through the initiative
process.
(c) In order to provide for fair and speedy trials, discovery in
criminal cases shall be reciprocal in nature, as prescribed by the
Legislature or by the people through the initiative process.

CALIFORNIA CONSTITUTION
ARTICLE 1 DECLARATION OF RIGHTS

SEC. 31. (a) The State shall not discriminate against, or grant
preferential treatment to, any individual or group on the basis of
race, sex, color, ethnicity, or national origin in the operation of
public employment, public education, or public contracting.
(b) This section shall apply only to action taken after the
section’s effective date.
(c) Nothing in this section shall be interpreted as prohibiting
bona fide qualifications based on sex which are reasonably necessary
to the normal operation of public employment, public education, or
public contracting.
(d) Nothing in this section shall be interpreted as invalidating
any court order or consent decree which is in force as of the
effective date of this section.
(e) Nothing in this section shall be interpreted as prohibiting
action which must be taken to establish or maintain eligibility for
any federal program, where ineligibility would result in a loss of
federal funds to the State.
(f) For the purposes of this section, “State” shall include, but
not necessarily be limited to, the State itself, any city, county,
city and county, public university system, including the University
of California, community college district, school district, special
district, or any other political subdivision or governmental
instrumentality of or within the State.
(g) The remedies available for violations of this section shall be
the same, regardless of the injured party’s race, sex, color,
ethnicity, or national origin, as are otherwise available for
violations of then-existing California antidiscrimination law.
(h) This section shall be self-executing. If any part or parts of
this section are found to be in conflict with federal law or the
United States Constitution, the section shall be implemented to the
maximum extent that federal law and the United States Constitution
permit. Any provision held invalid shall be severable from the
remaining portions of this section.

-=-=-= End

And that’s just Article I of California’s Constitution.


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[ISN] Breakpoint 2013 Call For Papers

Forwarded from: cfp (at) ruxcon.org.au Breakpoint 2013 Call For Papers Melbourne, Australia, October 24th-25th Intercontinental Rialto http://www.ruxconbreakpoint.com .[x]. Introduction .[x]. The Ruxcon team is pleased to announce Call For Papers for Breakpoint 2013. Breakpoint showcases the work of expert security researchers from around the world on a wide range of topics. This conference is organised by the Ruxcon team and offers a specialised security conference to complement and lead into the larger and more casual Ruxcon weekend conference. Breakpoint caters towards security researchers and industry professionals alike, with a focus on cutting edge security research. Breakpoint presents a great opportunity for our selected speakers to receive a complimentary trip to Australia and experience both the Breakpoint and Ruxcon conferences, not to mention the great weather, awesome parties, and friendly people. Melbourne is a city of many subcultures, personalities and styles. Melbourne has a vibrant arts and music scene, eccentric cafes, intimate bars and restaurants, and is known as Australia’s cultural capital. .[x]. Important Dates .[x]. May 1 – Call For Presentations Open August 23 – Call For Presentations Close October 22-23 – Breakpoint Training October 24-25 – Breakpoint Conference October 26-27 – Ruxcon Conference .[x]. Topic Scope .[x]. Topics of interest include, but are not limited to: o Mobile Device Security o Exploitation Techniques o Reverse Engineering o Vulnerability Discovery o Rootkit Development o Malware Analysis o Code Analysis o Virtualisation, Hypervisor Security o Cloud Security o Embedded Device Security o Hardware Security o Telecommunications Security o Wireless Network Security o Web Application Security o Law Enforcement Activities o Forensics o Threat Intelligence o You get the idea .[x]. Submission Guidelines .[x]. In order for us to process your submission we will require the following information: 1. Presentation title 2. Detailed summary of your presentation material 3. Name/Nickname 4. Mobile phone number 5. Brief personal biography 6. Description of any demonstrations involved in presentation 7. Information on where the presentation material has or will be presented before Breakpoint * Preference will be given to presentations that contain original research that will be first presented at Breakpoint. * As a general guideline, Breakpoint presentations are between 45 and 60 minutes, including question time. If you have any questions about submissions, or would like to make a submission, please send an email to bpx@ruxconbreakpoint.com .[x]. Speaker Benefits .[x]. Speakers at Breakpoint will be entitled to the following benefits: – A return economy airfare to Melbourne (total cost limit applies) – Three nights accommodation at the Intercontinental Rialto – Complimentary registration for Breakpoint and Ruxcon conferences – Invitation to all Breakpoint and Ruxcon parties – Unlock ‘Presented on world’s smallest continent’ achievement * All speaker benefits apply to a single speaker per submission. .[x]. Contact .[x]. If you have any questions or inqueries, contact us at: * Email: bpx (at) ruxconbreakpoint.com * Twitter: @ruxconbpx ______________________________________________ Visit the InfoSec News Security Bookstore Best Selling Security Books and More! http://www.shopinfosecnews.org


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Politically Correct Way to Say Merry Christmas: 2012

Please accept with no obligation, implied or implicit, my best wishes for an environmentally conscious, socially responsible, low-stress, non-addictive, gender-neutral celebration of the winter solstice holiday, practiced within the most enjoyable traditions of the religious persuasion of your choice, or secular practices of your choice, with respect for the religious/secular persuasion and/or traditions of others, or their choice not to practice religious or secular traditions at all. I also wish you a fiscally successful, personally fulfilling and medically uncomplicated recognition of the onset of the generally accepted calendar year 2013, but not without due respect for the calendars of choice of other cultures whose contributions to society have helped make America great. Not to imply that America is necessarily greater than any other country nor the only America in the Western Hemisphere. Also, this wish is made without regard to the race, creed, color, age, physical ability, religious faith or sexual preference of the wishee.


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